If you thought the citizens of this ancient civilised city were all work and no play, think again. Lothal routinely imported raw materials like copper and semi-precious stones. It is the close proximity to the sea that eventually brought about the downfall of Lothal. Just a pocket of dough filled with a sweet or savoury... We all have heard about crocs and crocs shoes. 34. It is fascinating to learn that our ancestors were so advanced in fields of science, architecture, city-planning, commerce, and were artistically oriented enough to create beautiful paintings, pottery, games, figurines, beads and jewellery. Lothal is surprisingly close to Ahmedabad and the capital of Gujarat Gandhinagar, thereby making the site very accessible. According to the ASI, Lothal had the world's earliest known dock, which connected the city to an ancient course of the Sabarmati river on the trade route betwe… 1. It connected the city to an ancient course of the Sabarmati river on the trade route between Harappan cities in Sindh and the peninsula of Saurashtra when the surrounding Kutch desert of today was a part of the Arabian Sea. Lothal was a Town Of Harappan civilization. It has some of the most substantial remains of the Harappan culture in India, dating from 250 to 1700 BC. Distinctive beads that could have only been made in Lothal have also been discovered in Mesopotamia. On analysing the site map of Lothal, it appears that the whole town was designed tactically. Ask your question. Lothal’s dock—the world’s earliest known, connected the city to an ancient course of the Sabarmati river on the trade route between Harappan cities in Sindh and the peninsula of Saurashtra when the surrounding Kutch desert of today was a part of the Arabian Sea. It was during the exploration of the Sabarmati river around the 1950s that led to the discovery of the Lothal site. During the early years of the Galactic Empire, Lothal was in a state of economic disrepair and invited the Empire to take over the planet's industries, with the promise of prosperity and security. Topics. Lothal was known for its carnelian beads. Log in. The artificial dockyard at Lothal is its most important feature and makes it an important site for international archeology. A great story about lothal – a city of dead, Read about the things to do in india for a perfect travel experience. Sheerness Dockyard also known as the Sheerness Station was ... and over the next ten years living conditions were substantially improved by the sinking of a well to provide drinking water (which had previously had to be ferried in). Lothal followed various practices when it came to the disposal of the dead. Alternatively one can enjoy a scenic long walk through the countryside adorned with cotton fields. It was a sheltered port connected to the Gulf of Cambay, which has receded westward since, by a broad river called Sabarmati. The reason for this could have been to save space or might have signified some ancient religious practice. Although this theory was contested by archaeologists who said that the dock was an irrigation tank, owing to Lothal being a small town, it was proven false by scientists who discovered marine microfossils in the dockyard which clearly pointed to the fact that it was filled with seawater at some point. At high tide a flow of 2.1–2.4 metres (6.9–7.9 ft) of water would have allowed ships to enter. It was excavated besides the river Sabarmati, which has since changed course. The warehouses near the dockyard were set on a 3.5 m high plinth. 4. Due to its proximity to the Gulf of Kutch, Lothal had access to a large variety of shells from which they made unique ornaments, fish hooks, spears and other weaponry. Lothal is located between the Sabarmati river and its tributary Bhogavo, in the Saurasthra region. Modern oceanographers have observed that the Harappans must have possessed great knowledge relating to tides in order to build such a dock on the ever-shifting course of the Sabarmati, as well as exemplary hydrography and maritime engineering. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. There are... Lothal – A Must-Visit Ancient Archaeological City In Gujarat, is a 4,500-year-old Harappan port town. Dwarfed walls, platforms, wells, drains, baths and paved floors are visible. ... Indus Valley Civilization is the largest of the 4 ancient river valley civilizations. 32. not these represent river craft rather than seaworthy vessels (Mackay 1937:II, plates LXIX:4, ... ture called a “dockyard.” Lothal (from the Gujerati loth = dead, hence meaning the same as Mohenjo-daro) is situated near Saragwala village, about fifty miles southwest of Ahmedabad (see Figure 1). The meaning of lothal is the hill of dead. Lothal in Gujarat is a 4,500-year-old Harappan port town. The dockyard was located away from the main river to avoid deposition of silt. At that time, the surrounding Kutch desert of was a part of the Arabian Sea. The state encompasses some sites of the ancient Indus Valley Civilisation, such as Lothal, Dholavira and Gola Dhoro. Lothal is said to possess the largest collection of antiquities in the archaeology of modern India. The distinctive dockyard is still present at the site with some portions of the canal opening remaining intact even now. Some evidence suggests that Lothal even had international trade relations. It was located away from the main current of the river to avoid silting, but provided access to ships in high tide as well. The dockyard at Lothal was well connected with the river: A) Ghaggar done clear. By 1800 the Dockyard filled all available space and in addition was making use of several buildings within the walls of the Garrison Fort. Today, the site is not linked to the gulf by a waterway because the river had since change its course. Today, the sea is over 19 km away from the Lothal site. Up from the Gulf of Khambhat (Cambay). In this page, you will find Chapter 3 In the Earliest Cities Extra Questions that will involve variety of questions like VSAQs, SAQs, and LAQs which will be very beneficial during the preparation of the examinations. The ancient town was also an important centre for shell-work too. Set in the dried river bed, along a silted bed of the channel (where occasional) tidal water can still be seen, in the archaeological site of Lothal the typical … This has been identified as a ‘tidal dockyard’. in Gujarati literally means “the mound of the dead”. Ships would sail in from Egypt, Sumeria and perhaps Africa to berth in the dockyard, bringing goods from these places in exchange for the beads manufactured in Lothal as well as cotton, shells, copper and semiprecious stones. On plan, Lothal stands 285 metres (935 feet) north-to-south and 228 metres (748 feet) east-to-west. Anyway we reached Lothal village. Lothal engineers accorded high priority to the creation of a dockyard and a warehouse to serve the purposes of naval trade. Lothal rose to prominence due to its bead-making industry. Quadrate. The drainage system at Lothal. The dock is roughly 200 meters long and about 35 meters wide. To be sure, not all archaeologists are convinced that the structure was used as a dockyard and some prefer to refer to it as a large tank that may have been a reservoir. The division of the upper town and lower town also indicates that the people were subject to some kind of social stratification. The cubical blocks used for warehousing were connected by passages built from kiln-fired bricks. © Copyright 2020 - travel.earth . The dock was built on the eastern flank of the town, and is regarded by archaeologists as an engineering feat of the highest order. Lothal routinely imported raw materials like copper and semi-precious stones. It is currently on the tentative list for consideration as a UNESCO world heritage site. Lethal's dock-the world's earliest known, connected the city to an ancient course of the Sabarmati river on the trade route between Harappan cities in Sindh and the peninsula of Saurashtra when the surrounding Kutch desert of today was a part of the Arabian Sea. Coastal settlements extended from Sutkagan Dor in Western Baluchistan to Lothal in Gujarat. up from the Gulf of Khambhat (Cambay). The site has a museum adjacent to it, that displays some of its most prominent antiquities discovered during excavations. It is a large structure measuring 223 m. in length, 35 m in width and 8 m. in depth, provided with an inlet channel (12.30m wide) in the eastern wall and a spillway. One fine day, we planned to visit one of the oldest and most famous places of Harappan civilization. Lothal rose to prominence due to its bead-making industry. But, back in the day, boats from the Gulf of Cambay could sail right up to the dockyard. It is speculated that Lothal engineers studied tidal movements, and their effects on brick-built structures, since the walls are of kiln-burnt bricks. Private Khatra from Gundi railway crossing till Lothal should charge 70-80 INR. Ships would sail in from Egypt, Sumeria and perhaps Africa to berth in the dockyard, bringing goods from these places in exchange for the beads manufactured in Lothal as well as cotton, shells, copper and semiprecious stones. There are lots of beautiful places in the UK. For instance, a unique circular seal was found here whose origin was traced back to Bahrain. Answered What is the speciality about Lothal dockyard? The ASI propounded that Lothal was the first city in the world to have a dock which connected it to an ancient course of the Sabarmati river through which trade routes were established. But, back in the day, boats from the Gulf of Cambay could sail right up to the dockyard. This site is called Lothal. But in the 60's the news of Lothal floated. A variety of these is found on display in the, Why you must visit Champaner – only UNESCO heritage site in Gujarat, The Pink City’s Clothes, Handicrafts And Jewellery: Shopping In Jaipur, The Most Famous Temples Of Chennai That You Should Visit, 15 Most Stunning And Majestic Forts In India, 25 Magnificent Royal Palaces In India You Must See, Where To Find The Best Ramadan Food In Bangalore, Top 14 Wonderful Places To Visit In Udupi, Why Aero Show Bangalore Should Be Part Of Your Bucket List, Why Visiting The Mysore Palace Should Be On Your Bucketlist, Sir M Visvesvaraya’s KRS Dam: A Guide To Krishna Raja Sagar Dam’s Legacy. The upper town is in close proximity to the warehouse so that the rulers/upper-class people could oversee the ongoings in the warehouse and the dockyard. The city’s site complex has the archaeological remains of some of its buildings—skeletal structures that have stood the test of time. The ancient town was also an important centre for shell-work too. In other words, despite several common features of urban layout, use of burnt bricks and houses, different settlements could have special features arising from their location and peculiar function. C) Kalibangan done clear. It is probably due to this intelligent construction that the dock still stands. The dockyard at Lothal was well connected with the river: Bhogavo. The inlet channel was connected to a river. On analysing the site map of Lothal, it appears that the whole town was designed tactically. Lothal is surprisingly close to Ahmedabad and the capital of Gujarat Gandhinagar, thereby making the site very accessible. In India: Extent …the estuarine trading post at Lothal on the Gulf of Khambhat (Cambay), as well as many other sites, some of which are major. The findings consist of a mound, a township, a marketplace, and the dock. A circular kiln reveals the advanced technology that they employed to make high-quality beads. Lothal excavation site is another 7 km from Gundi crossing and Khatra is the only way to commute. The Lothal of today is an obscure site located near the village of Saragwala in Ahmedabad district of Gujarat. Lothal routinely imported raw materials like copper and semi-precious stones. Modern oceanographers have observed that the Harappans must have possessed great knowledge relating to tides in order to build such a dock on the ever-shifting course of the Sabarmati, as well as exemplary hydrography and maritime engineering. At the southern end of this civilization in the Gulf of Khambat, in the village called Lothal lies a dockyard that was used to trade through the sea routes with other civilizations. When the river changed its course in 2000 BCE, a smaller inlet, 7 metres (23 ft) wide was made in the longer arm, connected to the river by a 2 kilometre (3.2 mi) channel. A) Alamgirpur done clear. 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