The Kyoto Protocol is an international agreement linked to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, which commits its Parties by setting internationally binding emission reduction targets. Ozone in the atmosphere warms the climate, while different components of particulate matter (PM) can have either warming or cooling effects on the climate. Let reason prevail. Dr Katrin Meissner - Earth System Science, with special emphasis on abrupt climate change, as well as feedbacks and thresholds in the climate system. a change in the pattern of weather, and related changes in oceans, land surfaces and ice sheets, occurring over time scales of decades or longer. Countries participating in COP 22 aim to have the process established by 2018, with a review of progress planned for this same year. Try searching these terms using the resources linked on this page: climate change*, greenhouse effect, greenhouse gas*, global climate change, global warming, greenhouse gas mitigation, carbon dioxide mitigation, carbon sequestration, global temperature changes, paleoclimatology, deglaciation, fossil fuel* and climate change*. On other fronts, while global temperatures warmed, here in the United States the political climate also began to heat up. Our scientists and engineers develop and implement innovative, practical solutions to some of our planet’s most pressing problems—from combating global warming and developing sustainable ways to feed, power, and transport ourselves, to fighting misinformation and reducing the threat of nuclear war. April 2020 In fact, at the same time that many world leaders are creating dedicated policies to support climate change mitigation and supporting renewable energy sources in order to open new economic sectors, some world leaders perceive this movement as a threat to existing, more conservative, economic forces, like the ones associated with the fossil-fuel industry (Nature 2016b). The comparison of these cost-optimal 2°C scenarios to the INDC projections shows a large discrepancy (Fig. Rogelj, J., Schaeffer, M., Friedlingstein, P., Gillett, N. P., van Vuuren, D. P., Riahi, K., Allen, M. & Knutti, R. Differences between carbon budget estimates unravelled. Furthermore, about two-thirds of these scenarios achieve a balance of global GHG emissions between 2080 and 2100. EPA develops an annual report called the Inventory of U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Sinks (Inventory). Prior to Trump’s presidency, countries—including the United States— had submitted their “intended nationally determined contributions” (INDCs) for the next one-and-a-half decades. DPI has undertaken an organisational climate change 'risk assesment' to identify those operational areas that are at high risk due to climate change. Nature. This challenge is particularly relevant to policy, because limiting emissions in 2030 does not only increase the chances of attaining the 2°C target, but also reduces the need to rely on unproven, potentially risky or controversial technologies in the future (Clark et al 2014 and Riahi et al 2015). IIED - International Institute for Environment and Development Well-established policy research institute that offers an online library of information materials on climate change and related topics, such as energy, biodiversity and forests. Psychology Research Topics Related to Climate Change I drew out the following ideas mainly from the topics identified by the American Psychological Association. The Paris Agreement acknowledges both of these insights and aims, on the one hand, to reach global peaking of GHG emissions as soon as possible and, on the other hand, to achieve “a balance” between anthropogenic emissions and removals of GHGs in the second half of this century (UNFCCC 2016a). The Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment brings together international expertise on economics, finance, geography, the environment, international development and political economy, with the aim of producing globally recognised, policy-relevant research. The New York Times. Current Topics: An Undergraduate Research Guide : Climate Change. WASHINGTON, December 10, 2020 - The World Bank Board of Directors today approved a $60 million International Development Association (IDA)* grant to help African countries strengthen the resilience of their agricultural sectors to the threat posed by climate change. Global Change Research Program (USGCRP) was established by Presidential Initiative in 1989 and mandated by Congress in the Global Change Research Act (GCRA) of 1990 to “assist the Nation and the world to understand, assess, predict, and respond to human-induced and natural processes of global change.”. This is a reduction of around 9 (7 to 13) Gt CO2e/yr by 2030 relative to the median no-policy baseline scenario estimate and around 4 (2 to 8) Gt CO2e/yr relative to the median current-policy scenario estimate. The INDC projections shows a large discrepancy ( Fig knows what it can in..., 289, 20 October ( 2016b ) Issue briefs — Get information. 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