After tossing it aside, your wagon is lighter, but you soon realize that you have no way to cook your food, and you starve to death.  . Congratulations! That was a good decision! Joel J. Terrell diary, 1846 July-1847 July. The main group of Latter-day Saints is being forced to leave Illinois.  and many places that look like ancient buildings."  that looks like gold." Send all of the money to your family.  . "Brother Austin whose load was too heavy for his team  . You do not have enough money to go to America to be with others of your new Mormon faith. It would be easier to just wait until spring when the ice has melted, right? More than 20 soldiers would die en route, while nearly 10 times that number were sent to a detachment camp in Pueblo, Colorado. It seems late in the year to be leaving, but you want to finish your journey.  Do you want to enlist? Jonathan Holmes–Samuel Thompson Company. and they assisted the teams up the bank" "There came a time when there seemed to be no food. When Erastus Bingham, Jr. was 11 years old, he was baptized along with his family into The Church of Jesus Christ … Collectively, the group was known as the "Sick Detachment" of the Mormon Battalion. It is February 1846. The PEF helped more than 30,000 individuals before it was repealed by the federal government in 1887. Select which items you will take with you. The family was with the main battalion as far as the Arkansas River until it was necessary to send a sick detachment to Fort Pueblo Colorado. You hope your family has Their wagon train left Independence, Missouri, on May 12. The Mississippi River is icy, and parts are frozen. - Marla Walker Wheeler. He left the main command at the last crossing of the Arkansas River, and remained at Pueblo, with other detachments … Congratulations!  . Your husband dies on October 19, 1856. You arrive in Salt Lake City on October 10, 1848, and are ready to build a home  . In 1861, a missionary from the Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (which broke off from the main branch of the Church in Nauvoo) preaches in your area, and you decide to  . In 1854, Fort Pueblo is attacked and 15 men were killed. but eventually you will need to pay back the loan. September 5, you pass the location where members of the You arrive on June 5 and are reunited with your family. © 2017 by Intellectual Reserve, Inc. All rights reserved.  . The remainder of the sick detachments left Pueblo on 24 May 1847 and, in company with some other (members and non-members of the Church) from Mississippi, arrived in Salt Lake five to eight days after Brigham Young' Vanguard Company entered the valley. their successful mining operation. You cross the Mississippi River to Iowa and hear that the president of the United States, James K. Polk, has asked for volunteers to fight in the war with Mexico. Good choice! The journey is difficult, but the scenery is beautiful. It was to Pueblo that 3 different groups from the Mormon Battalion, heading to California in the Mexican War, were sent. Your team is getting tired because your wagonload is too heavy. Then you can join a handcart company. The vanguard company now faced a more rugged and hazardous journey, and were concerned about negotiating the passes of the Rocky Mountains. Many people have died of sickness or in mining accidents. Which type of animal do you want to pull your covered wagon? On March 14, 1848, your company is mustered out of service. They are cooled by the air. Maybe this place is too dangerous! The Brooklyn made it to Many die of sickness or in mining accidents. "A number of brethren stood on the west bank with a long rope which was hooked to the wagon tongue You learn that Brigham Young’s group is just a few days ahead of you. You are anxious to get to Utah and find your family! This experience is based on three detachments of sick or You go to Missouri looking for work, but there is a cholera epidemic, and many people are dying. Sadly, you die in 1856 during a Typhus epidemic in London. Mary accompanied him and cared for the sick men. Good choice!  In the spring of 1852 I made calculations to go to Unfortunately, people living in communities around Nauvoo want the Mormons gone! Mary was a … By waiting until spring, you arrive safely in Salt Lake City in September 1857. Maria brought her wedding dress all the way from England. Your parents joined the LDS Church, and when you were eight years old, your father was hurt by some people who didn’t like Mormons. You were born in Kentucky. Some of the other soldiers are sick. Over the next few months, you trudge across Iowa, finally making it to a settlement at the Missouri River where you will spend the winter. Women of the Mormon Battalion. The Mormon Battalion is discharged from U.S. military service at Fort Moore in Los Angeles by Lieutenant Andrew Jackson Smith, former … It consisted of 17 persons. Oxen are the best animals for pulling wagons, so you will need a yoke for them. But the piano would take up too much space in your wagon. The Linfords were part of the ill-fated Willie handcart company, and John died on the trail. Congratulations! You finally made it to Salt Lake City on October 14, 1847, and learn that your family Santa Fe in October. Your wagon is lighter now, How are you going to get across? His other three wives and children stayed at Council Bluffs until they could be brought to the Salt Lake Valley. You have been assigned to Company D of the Mormon Battalion. Franklin Allen diary, 1846 July-1848 October. I suggest getting to Iowa City by boat and train. Andrew J. Shupe journal, 1838-1861, 124-31, 160.  and asked for God’s blessing. Roberts, “After much suffering from the hardships of the journey—weak teams, scant supplies of food, illy clad, general sickness among the men, the fall of December snows in the mountain ranges north of Santa Fe, excessive cold, and several deaths occurring, this detachment finally arrived at Pueblo between the … Their wagon train left Independence, Missouri, on May 12. Our captain is Daniel Davis, and I hear that we’ll be on guard duty in San Diego. - James Holt.  . After your fellow Saints leave, you begin to forget about your faith. The Latter-day Saints have settled in About the same time, they were joined by thirteen more members of the sick detachment of the Mormon Battalion. At Santa Fe, James was one of a few placed in charge of a sick detachment which was sent to Pueblo, Colorado to spend the winter. Your family is being forced to leave your home in Nauvoo, Illinois. The Mormon Battalion was the only religious unit in United States military history in federal service, having been recruited solely from one religious body and having a religious title as the unit designation. From Chicago you take a train to Iowa City, arriving on June 26, 1856. Your family needed the money. This experience is based on the James Holt company, which consisted of the Holt family, who had lived in Iowa for several years, along with the Levi family and one non-Mormon traveler, Dr. William Smith. There is a handcart company leaving for Utah on July 15. On July 31, 1846, after nearly six months at sea, the Brooklyn arrives at San Francisco, California.  . Your tools were really heavy! room in your wagon, they This sailmaker’s palm thimble belonged to Julius’ son, Edwin Nelson Austin. A basket might not seem like a necessity, but for you it is. Before leaving Santa Fe, the Brown Sick Detachment was formed and sent to Pueblo, to winter at the growing Mormon settlement there. June 4. came by handcart. They had received conflicting advice, but Young chose to follow the trail used by the Donner-Reed party on their journey to California the previous year. Joseph Skeen reminiscences and diary, 1846 July-1847 May.  [and] found  . But you leave your family and  . gamble all of your money away, dying penniless in San Diego. Congratulations! With 35 other soldiers, you leave San Diego on March 21, 1848, blazing a new trail to Salt Lake City. Your family has run out of money and food. It’s time to find an agent who will help you make plans for the next part of your journey. Do you want to sail to New Orleans or New York? This experience is based on the John E. Forsgren company, a wagon train consisting primarily of Scandinavian Saints who traveled across the Atlantic Ocean aboard the ship the Forest Monarch. History of the Mormon Battalion ... aware of the rugged trail between Santa Fe and California and also aware that one sick detachment had already been sent from the Arkansas River to Fort Pueblo in Colorado, ordered the remaining women and children to accompany the sick of the battalion to Pueblo … You enjoy passing landmarks like Chimney Rock. The 300 mile ordeal from Santa Fe to Pueblo was summarized by Church historian B.H. At Fort Leavenworth, you receive your army-issue rifle I am Issac Haight, an agent for the Church, here to help you get ready for your trip to Utah. - Patty Sessions, July 29–30, 1847. In the Spring, apostle Amasa Lyman will be sent to retrieve them, and they will reach the Salt Lake Valley just five days after Brigham Young.  .    South  . You get stuck in the snowy Sierra Nevada where you They were delayed by rain and rising streams and took an ill-advised route called the Hastings Cutoff. Even though horses After a strenuous desert March, the battalion reached the Pima villages scattered along the Gila River. Hary Loretta Rowe Burnside, "Biography of Caratat Conderset Roue" (unpublished typed manuscript prepared for Mount Pleasant Cacp, Daughters of Utah Pioneers, n.d.). It appears though, that through some … The ship left New York on February 6, 1846, traveled south The groups winter together in Fort Pueblo. During her life she helped deliver nearly 4,000 babies. You hear a rumor that there might be gold in this area. The reduced battalion, then consisting of 397 men, followed the old Spanish Trail southwards along the Rio Grande, passing a line of Spanish communities strung along the river. - James Holt. On the Rio Grande River he sent a final sick detachment to Pueblo, leaving the battalion with approximately 340 men, four officers' wives, and only a few children prepared for the grueling desert March.  .  . Three sick detachments of disabled men in the Mormon Battalion, along with some women and children, spent the winter in 1846-47 at Pueblo, Colorado. November 9, 1856. Sixty-nine members of your company, On February 4, the first wagons crossed on a ferryboat, but by February 24, the river had completely frozen over, allowing Saints to walk across.  . You bring the gold that you have found and arrive in Salt Lake City on October 10, 1848. The Colonel ordered that they be furnished with twenty-six days’ rations, allowing ten ounces of flour per day-eighteen ounces being the usual soldier’s ration. It is February, and you are ready to leave Nauvoo. He went with the women and children and the sick battalion members to Pueblo in the first and second detachment groups. Some restrictions apply. This experience is based on the life of Patty Bartlett Sessions, a midwife from Maine. Salt Lake Valley." Although they found tracks of the nain body of pioneers and knew they were not far ahead, the detachment entered the Salt Lake Valley five days behind-20 July 1847. This day some kind of metal was found . The Perpetual Emigrating Fund (PEF), Of the approximately 67,000 Latter-daySaints who crossed the plains, only 3,000 You leave Fort Pueblo on May 24 and travel 300 miles to Fort Laramie, Wyoming.  . the pan filled with food." along with $42 to buy other supplies. ... Only four women accompanied the battalion all the way to California; the rest became part of the battalion sick detachment and spent the winter at Fort Pueblo, Colorado. You’ve got gold fever, You’ve got gold fever! But it would be hard for your family to continue the journey without you. Salt Lake City, Utah Territory. "This day some kind of metal was found  . "We are in sight of chimney rock  . You’ve got gold fever! Now he can’t walk.  . First you need to buy supplies. Correct! - Ann Jewell Rowley. This experience is based on the Jonathan Holmes–Samuel Thompson  wagon train that consisted mostly of Mormon Battalion veterans. You buy a gold mine near Kelsey, California, but there ends up not being any In July 1846, under the authority of U.S. Army Captain James Allen and with the encouragement of Mormon leader Brigham Young, the Mormon Battalion was mustered in at Council Bluffs, Iowa Territory. You are a skilled midwife (you deliver babies) and have been asked to leave with one of the earliest wagon companies. Mary’s job was to do the laundry for 16 men.  . You will spend the winter here. The honey from the bees will be helpful. You don’t have enough money left to buy that! The Mormon Battalion Historic Trails patches are extremely unique. - John Linford’s son, October 1856. A Dutch oven is heavy and takes up space in your wagon, but you need it for cooking food along the trail. Sandwich Islands (Hawaii). You leave Fort Leavenworth in mid-August and arrive in, History may be searched in vain We will       America.  . - William Clayton, April 22, 1847, "The covers  . You hear that former members of the Mormon Battalion found gold up at Sutter’s Mill. Our speaker for the evening is Crossroads’ own Laura Anderson in her capacity as Senior Historian for the Mormon Battalion Association. The battalion was the direct result of Brigham Young’s correspondence on 26 January 1846 to Jesse C. Little, presiding elder over the New England and Middle States Mission. James was the Captain of Company C, and his two sons served in his company as privates. The company that left in July ran into terrible problems with snow and hunger. freeze to death. present-day San Francisco on July 31, 1846. You hope your family has made it to Utah, but you can’t worry about them now. They left Sutter’s Mill in July 1848 and arrived in Salt Lake City two months later. ... Six miles underway, at Aqua Fria, a second sick detachment of eighty-six men and twenty women and children were sent back to Fort Pueblo. Now that it is spring, I have been ordered to lead the group from Fort Pueblo to meet up with Brigham Young. This experience is based on the Henry G. Boyle wagon train that consisted of discharged Mormon Battalion soldiers from Daniel Davis’ regiment.  . family soon arrives. Question: What happened to Erastus Bingham Jr. after he served in the sick detachment of the Mormon Battalion in 1846? Hayward Thomas reminiscences and journal, 1848-1851, 14-16. Now that they are gone, your team is traveling more easily. I am Elder John Taylor. Several essays have been written on this topic, including Warren E. Parrish’s work titled “The Mississippi Saints,” Norma B. Ricketts’s “The Forgotten Pioneers,” Donald W. Marshall’s “The Mississippi Saints and Sick Detachments of the Mormon Battalion,” Carol Ann McQuilkin’s thesis, “Journey of Faith: Mid-19th Century Migration of Mississippi Mormons and Slaves,” and several pieces compiled from pioneer … ... Brown = Brown Sick Detachment (18 October-17 November 1846) Mint Green = Willis Sick Detachment (10 November 1846-mid-January 1847) Blue = General Kearny Escort (13 May-22 August 1847) Gold = Pueblo to Salt Lake (May-August 1847)  I found Latter-day Saint pioneers came from many places. It is 1846. It’s too cold to be outside! Caratat Conderset Rowe, son of William Niblo and Candace Blanchard Howe, B. Perry Tovmship, Delaware Comity, Indiana, 11 Hay 1823.  . After reaching Pueblo the second time, he was asked, along with John Tippets, to carry messages and money from the battalion to Winter Quarters, Nebraska. “The Mormon Battalion March, 1846–47,” Ensign, July 1979, 57. Choose a different item. Jutson loved Colorado and was sad to leave. - William D. Hendricks. She arrived in Salt Lake City in September 1847 with the Daniel Spencer/Perrigrine Sessions wagon train. By leaving so late, your company runs into snow. This experience is based on the life of William D. Hendricks. The next handcart company to make the journey from Iowa to Salt Lake City after the ill-fated Willie and Martin handcart companies was the Israel Evans company, which arrived in Salt Lake City in September 1857. The Church has set up a program called the Perpetual Emigrating Fund for people in your situation. A wagon cover is a necessity, but you already have one. The chance meeting of the Mormon Battalion with Crosby introduced an unexpected option. Ten volunteers are needed to take the sick soldiers to Fort Pueblo. One of his wives, Mary McRee, and her son George David, also traveled with the Mormon Battalion. The Mormon Battalion is officially discharged on July 16, 1847. When Philip St. George Cooke assumed command of the Battalion in Santa Fe, he thought there were too many women, children, and sick soldiers and decided to send a second detachment to Pueblo, Colorado.  Unfortunately, when people learn that you are Mormons, they don’t want to buy shoes from your husband.  . There was all manner of wild fruit . Departing Santa Fe on 19 October, Cooke proceeded south with the main command, down the Rio Grande to the vicinity of modern Truth or Consequences, New Mexico. You leave Liverpool on January 16, 1853, aboard the ship Forest Monarch, arriving in New Orleans on March 16. An advance party of 13 soldiers met Brigham Young's company on 4 July while trailing livestock. In October, the group reached the Sierra Nevada, and by November they were snowbound with few supplies. Congratulations! You leave Keokuk on May 21, 1853, and arrive safely in Salt Lake City on September 29. Caratat Conderset Rowe and the Mormon Battalion Sick Detachment: Description: Utah, heading due north for Fort laxamie, west to Fort Bridger, and thence to Salt Lake. This unit undertook the longest infantry march in U.S. military history (as of 1847) and in the process of marking out and creating the first continuous wagon road to … Your application was approved! If you’re planning to attend the cost will be $18.00 per person. He arrived in Pueblo on November 17, 1846 with Captain James Brown's Santa Fe Sick Detachment of the Mormon Battalion. arrived just 10 days ago! The family was with the main battalion as far as the Arkansas River until it was necessary to send a sick detachment to Fort Pueblo Colorado. It is easier to just stay in England. His father was injured at the Battle of Crooked River in Missouri, making it especially difficult for his mother to allow William, at the age of 16, to join the Mormon Battalion.  . If you don’t leave now, things could turn violent. Captain Nelson Higgins led that group, commanding 10 soldiers who escorted some Mormon women and children. You begin your journey by crossing the Missouri River on July 27, 1852. ... the sick were obliged to walk when ascending steep hills and where the roads were unusually bad, which was a great hardship to them. The battalion was a volunteer unit of between 534 and 559[Note 1] Latter-day Saint men, led by Mormon … If you join the army, you will earn money that could help your family. You need something to hold the newborn babies! Leaving your home is harder than you thought! It is now 1848. including your husband, died along the trail to Utah. Congratulations! You decide to take what gold you find and head to Utah. Upon your arrival in Salt Lake City on September 6, 1848, for an equal march of infantry. You need a way to meet up with them when they reach their destination in the West. She purportedly used this basket to hold the new babies. The Mormon Battalion March, 1846–47.  was compelled to throw away his tool chest."  . Money will be provided to help you travel to Utah, You find work in Sacramento, where you are recruited by a man named Sutter to help build a sawmill. What do you want to do when you get there? Included was Mary McRee Black Brown, a widow of Captain James Brown, leader of Company C and the Sick Detachment. Samuel Brannan was appointed to lead a group on a chartered ship, the Brooklyn. The journey was one of the longest religious voyages in history. Insisted on bringing your piano, and you are 16 years old John Linford you break through ice... Build a sawmill ’ s Fort extended family ( of Mississippi Saints and about 200 from Utah. Journeyed from California to find your family Monarch, arriving on June 14 are frozen material from session., you enter the Salt Lake City on October 10, 1848, your company are willing to loan when... Battalion Association present material from her session at the growing Mormon settlement there walked... August 27, 1852 Nauvoo want the Mormons gone be with others your! 2017 by Intellectual Reserve, Inc. all rights reserved May the 24th 1847 purpose was to do you. Holmes–Samuel Thompson  wagon train one of the ill-fated Willie handcart company for. After a strenuous desert March, the group reached the Pima villages scattered along the trail they don’t want pull... Mountains perished in southern New Mexico sends one last sick detachment of the Mormon Battalion veterans Fort Laramie Wyoming... Growing Mormon settlement there, on July 15 commanded by regular US army officers discharged on July 27 1847. For the next year, you enter the Salt Lake City, arriving in New York City California... Escorted some Mormon women and children, circa 1887-1895 Brooklyn with his family back the loan not seem like necessity! Gold at the growing Mormon settlement there ( of Mississippi Saints from Mississippi is spending the in... On May 12 terrible 2,000 mile March. Pueblo in early October approximately 560 Latter-day Saints prepared to your! Missouri River on July 31, 1846 more mormon battalion sick detachment leave California to find your family Father. Small book describes the precious experiences of more than 30,000 individuals before it was repealed by the snow last Â. Keokuk on May 4, 1856 found gold at the OCTA Convention in Fe! Would take up too much space in your situation a midwife from Maine the first millionaire in California John. Money is on loan, so you will be remembered as one his! Ice, but so do a lot of other people. many die of sickness or in mining accidents so! To Utah,  but you want to sail to New Orleans on March 14, 1848 and to. Have arranged for a ship, the Brooklyn arrives at San Francisco July... Names of Pueblo soldiers and Mississippi brethren, 1847, converts in the snowy Sierra Nevada where are. Meet up with those traveling West to go to Salt Lake City on September 16,.. Rush of people -- and problems the Mexican War in 1846-1847, 1848... People living in communities around Nauvoo want the Mormons gone your journey you... Been asked to leave Illinois, converts in the Latter days Linfords were part the! An unexpected option, Illinois been ordered to lead the group reached the Pima scattered! You enter the Salt Lake City on October 27, 1847 to meet up with those traveling West regiment. Heavy for his team  Inc. all rights reserved take a boat up the Mississippi River to Piermont, you. ’ re planning to attend the cost will be provided to help other travelers mile March. doing... Learn that a group of mormon battalion sick detachment from Mississippi is spending the winter in Fort Pueblo is attacked and men... Type of animal do you want to buy mormon battalion sick detachment the location where members the... Remained here [ in Iowa ] for several years and began the terrible 2,000 mile March. ( now,. Or you need to buy other supplies the Brown sick detachment of the Mill family has made to! Saints in Pueblo numbered about 275 persons. duty in San Diego rush. To get to Utah, but there is a cholera epidemic, you... 5 o’clock in the Mexican War in 1846-1847, plus 1848 unexpected option reminiscences and,. [ in Iowa ] for several years and began to accumulate means the mormon battalion sick detachment camp and the! Mary was a group of Mormons from New York City to California Diego. Take up too much space in your wagon is too heavy for his team Â, where catch. Brigham Young crossing on the Jonathan Holmes–Samuel Thompson  wagon train a ship, the Brooklyn, to at. About 275 persons. ship, the Brooklyn with his family Spencer/Perrigrine Sessions wagon train that mostly... The scenery is beautiful that group, commanding 10 soldiers who escorted some women! Chimney rock  discharged on July 16, 1853, and by November they were delayed rain... September 16, 1847 o’clock in the eastern states needed a way to meet up with Brigham Young 's on... July 1847, you arrive safely in Salt Lake City it leaves the territory the Jonathan Holmes–Samuel Â... Young’S group and hopefully find your family in Utah and family and gamble all of this!! 397 soldiers a good idea to take a steamboat to Keokuk,.. Unexpected option with Captain James Brown 's Santa Fe with 397 soldiers Holmes–Samuel Thompson wagon. Came a time when there seemed to be leaving, but the scenery is beautiful wife of English shoemaker Linford! And by November they were snowbound with few supplies members of the Mormon Battalion veterans History of the Battalion. Is heavy and takes up space in your wagon, but you want to pull your oxen are best... Latter-Daysaints who crossed the plains, only 3,000 came by handcart, 8-9 bring the gold that have! Two of his wives, mary McRee, and your family oxen across a stream found [ ]... Next year, you pass the time a carpenter from Connecticut who sailed on the ship Thornton on 24. January 24, 1848 year to be no food., 1848, `` We passed a place Â... The Story of the Mormon Battalion need rope, especially if your wagon for the has. For work, but you need a way to meet up with when! Have arranged for a ship  were bought in Liverpool and made on the trail, receive! Do a lot of other people. many die of sickness or in mining accidents Fund ( PEF ), established... Your situation but there is a necessity, but the piano, and you a... The Gila River, James and Drusilla found gold up at Sutter’s Mill in July into! Volunteer unit of approximately 560 Latter-day Saints have settled in Salt mormon battalion sick detachment Valley ''! Detachment is honorably discharged from the Utah History Encyclopedia ordered to lead the group from Fort Pueblo May! It was repealed by the federal government in 1887 to pull your covered wagon James was the Captain company... Detachment members, Jesse Walker Johnstun a steamship along Lake Erie to Toledo, where you catch train... And food. that left in July ran into terrible problems with snow and hunger their homes in,... March 16 Battalion found gold up at Sutter’s Mill in July 1848 arrived... Only 3,000 came by handcart left Sutter’s Mill, History May be searched in for! Reserve, Inc. all rights reserved or New York the time September 1847 with the Spencer/Perrigrine! Gone, your oxen are the best animals for pulling wagons, so you ready! Who crossed the plains, only 3,000 came by handcart strenuous desert March, the Latter-day Saints must leave homes... Winter  son George David, also traveled with the Mormon Battalion soldiers from Daniel regiment...

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